The below list is not exhaustive. Therefore, if what you are experiencing is not mentioned please contact us to discuss whether we are able to help and support you.
Depression is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home.
Anxiety refers to the anticipation of a future concern and is more associated with muscle tension and avoidance behaviours. Often, anxiety is an emotional response to an actual or imagined threat that can trigger a fight or flight reaction (either staying to fight or leaving to escape danger).
Anxiety disorders can have a broad negative affect on our ability to perform at work, in social situations, in interpersonal relationships etc. Anxiety disorders include:
Social Anxiety, Health Anxiety, Generalised Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Panic Disorder, Phobias.
In general terms, trauma can be defined as a psychological, emotional response to an event or an experience that is deeply distressing or disturbing. The effects of which can be enduring and life limiting.
PTSD stands for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and is a type of anxiety disorder that may develop after being involved in or witnessing traumatic events. Common symptoms of PTSD include, but are not limited to:
Hypervigilance, increased irritability and anxiety, anger, intense physical sensations (i.e. nausea, pounding heart), avoidant behaviours, flashbacks/nightmares, intense distress at reminders of the event.
Low self-esteem can be characterised by having a lack of confidence and a tendency to feel negatively about oneself. People with low self-esteem often feel unlovable, awkward, or incompetent. They may perceive themselves as defective or flawed in some important way. These self-beliefs are often held at a very deep level and can become more powerful as life goes on. This can mean that subsequent difficulties that arise can include a lack of assertiveness, isolation, self-criticism and avoiding potential opportunities in life.
Rewarding relationships can be crucial to a person's well-being. Whereas, living within a troubled relationship can feel like a never ending cycle of disappointments and misunderstandings. This can lead to feelings of loneliness and alienation. In extreme cases, such difficulties can also lead to abuse, domestic violence and social isolation. Relationship problems tend to be linked to a number of factors, including a single or mulitple events, difficult early life experiences, unhelpful patterns of perceiving and relating to others, and negative beliefs about the intentions of others.
The number of people in the UK living with one or more long-term physical health conditions (LTC) is increasing. LTC can be defined as enduring or chronic physical health issues, such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, arthritis, pain, stroke, heart disease etc. One aspect from living with a LTC that can often be neglected or missed is the emotional and psychological difficulties that can arise from having a physical illness. This can include worsening symptoms of depression, anxiety and/or panic.
For many, bereavement will be one of the most distressing experiences they will ever face. Grief and loss is what we feel when somebody we are close to dies. Each person experiences grief differently, with no right, wrong or normal way to grieve. People may experience feelings of shock, pain, anger, sadness, guilt and longing as part of their grief.
Stress is something we all experience to varying degrees during our lives. At healthy levels, it can be an effective motivator or a warning signal for a dangerous situation. Yet, extreme stress can be mentally and emotionally exhausting, preventing us from enjoying life and carrying out day-to-day activities.
Sometimes it’s difficult to define what the issue is. Some personal difficulties can be a mix of issues, challenges or obstacles that require assessment and clarification. Alternatively, you may be struggling with a decision or would like a safe, nonjudgemental space to learn more about yourself. If so, counselling can provide an opportunity to consult with an experienced Psychologist.
The provision of clinical supervision to trainee counselling psychologists.